Caldes de Malavella municipality has developed over the centuries with thermal water as one of its main symbols of identity. Situated on the so-called Selva depression, an old tectonic pit created by large faults and volcanic activity. Caldes has always enjoyed the upwellings of thermal waters that reach a temperature of 60ºC. A large part of its cultural heritage is closely related to the use of this natural resource. The Romans, who knew about the mineral medicinal properties of thermal water, settled in this place and called it Aquae Calidae. The thermal baths situated on Sant Grau Hill are their best witness.
At this very place, in the Middle Ages, a small town centre was reborn, walled in accordance with the castle. From this period, notable architectural witnesses are preserved, such as Cal Ferrer de la Plaça, house number 1 on plaza de los Polls, some wall sections with defence towers of the old castle and Can Trelles. While there were originally external walls, of this period, the St. Stephen of Caldes church of Romanesque origin, the remains of Malavella Castle in Sant Maurici and those of Sant Esteve de Caulers stand out.
Between the 16th and 18th centuries, the municipality had no significant growth, rather the outline of streets and buildings within the walled enclosure remained unchanged, often connected to agrarian and artisan activity. However, agricultural activity enjoyed its greatest expansion, which is seen in the construction or consolidation of numerous farmhouses spread out over the territory.
Complex that is today preserved on Sant Grau Hill1st century AD
Municipality of Latin law, administrative, religious and economic centre1st century AD
Exploitation of the thermal upwellings from hot spring sources as therapeutic treatments19th century
First modern baths, today Prats Thermal Spa. The waters come from the La Mina hot spring source, from Las Moleres Hill.1840
First bottling of mineral medicinal water by the Pla i Deniel family.1870
Dr. Modest Furest purchases Las Ànimes Hill to exploit the Cantera, Gran, Xica and Fetge hot spring sources.1880
Dr. Modest Furest builds the thermal spa and the “Puig de les Ànimes” waters change their name to VICHY CATALAN.1891
Third thermal spa in Caldes.
Not there today.
Pau Estapé purchases Sant Grau Hill to exploit its waters. They will later be called XALA WATER.1902
Definite name of the waters from Sant Grau Hill marketed by Pau Estapé.1913
Merger of PRATS THERMAL SPA WATER and CATALONIA HOT SPRING SOURCE marketed by Prats and Soler Thermal Spas, respectively.1941